Valerie Belair-Gagnon, Colin Agur, and Nicholas Frisch

are the authors of this report.

Valerie Belair-Gagnon, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of Journalism Studies at the University of Minnesota School of Journalism and Mass Communication. She is also an affiliated fellow at the Yale Information Society Project where she was executive director from 2014–16. Her research draws from media sociology, news production, emerging media, and digital cultures. Her work explores the implications of emerging media in newsgathering and news production, and builds on her book, Social Media at BBC News: The Re-Making of Crisis Reporting (Routledge, 2015). She tweets @journoscholar.

Colin Agur, Ph.D., is an assistant professor at the University of Minnesota School of Journalism and Mass Communication. He is also an affiliated fellow at the Yale Law School Information Society Project. His research examines the history of telecommunications and contemporary mobile phone usage, the social and legal implications of mass mobile telephony, and the unanticipated consequences of network development. At the International Communication Association (ICA), Agur is the vice chair for the Mobile Communication Interest Group. He tweets @colinagur.

Nicholas Frisch is an Asian studies doctoral student at Yale’s graduate school and a resident fellow at the Yale Law School Information Society Project. He has covered Asian politics and culture for The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, and Foreign Affairs.

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