UPDATE, 8/16: Due to an editor’s error, a near-final draft of this article was originally published. That version contained several errors, including its descriptions of Robert Shaw’s relationship to the coalition of journalism organizations that includes Haiti Grassroots Watch, the members of the coalition, and who administered the election coverage trainings. The earlier version also imprecisely described the number of Haitians who speak French. The errors have been corrected, and further information about Anya Schiffrin’s conclusions has been added. We regret the error.

William Wheeler has written for USA Today, Good magazine, Foreign Affairs, and The Christian Science Monitor. His travel to Haiti was supported by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting.