Chauncey Bailey: When a black kid comes up to me in West Oakland, a seven-year-old, and looks at me wearing a tie, and asks, ‘Are you a business man?’ I say, ‘Yes, I am a business man. Don’t let the black face convince you that I’m not.’

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Kristal Brent Zook is an associate professor and director of the M.A. Journalism Program at Hofstra University. She is the author of three books including I See Black People: The Rise and Fall of African American-Owned Television and Radio.