Clarín and Chiles other pro-government media were a special target. On the same day that military aircraft bombed the presidential palace, soldiers stormed into Claríns offices, shut down its presses, and jailed its top editors. Claríns front page that day, its last, trumpeted a call to resistance.
Pey was among the hundreds of Chileans who were ordered to turn themselves in to the new military authorities. Many of those who obeyed were executed. Having survived the trauma of Spain, Pey was not tempted. He hid out for several days and eventually got asylum in the Venezuelan embassy. He was allowed to leave the country under embassy protection, but his passport was taken away, in effect making him stateless.
The political cleansing of the Chilean media was total. In all, twelve print publications were closed and forty radio stations silenced. The staffs of the three television stations were purged and the stations placed under military control.
Amid much publicity, in 1975 the Clarín company was officially confiscated without compensation, under a decree designed to liquidate all properties owned by political parties and labor unions. The militarys actions at that time, intended to discredit Pey as a tool of the Marxist president, have providedin yet another bit of ironysome of the strongest evidence in Peys favor in his struggle with the current government. To justify the confiscation, a Pinochet government official announced that the ownership papers for Clarín had been discovered in the private office of Victor Pey. The papers, the official said in a written statement, showed that Pey, not Darío Sainte-Marie and the three other men whose names still appeared in the registry of the Superintendent of Corporations, was the real owner of Clarín. The papers, found in a strongbox, had the signatures of Sainte-Marie and the others, and showed that the four men had signed over their titles to all Clarín stock, in effect, to Pey, the possessor of the documents. ”Based on this evidence… the result is that it was Victor Pey who bought… the Empresa Periodística Clarín, making payments of U.S. $780,000 [and] $500,000,”the official declared.
Thats where the matter stood in 1990. With a democratic government in power, Pey moved to recover Clarín. At first all went well. A court order returned to him the ownership papers that had been preserved by the military government. With the papers in hand, he began the processwhich he initially thought would be friendlyof claiming restitution. It should be simple, he said at the time: ”They took it away from me by decree; they can restore it to me by decree.”
Pey vowed that he had no intention of keeping the money for himself. ”I have said that the minute I have sufficient resources I am going to publish the newspaper Clarín, which will defend interests that coincide in some ways with the interests of the current Concertación government.”As a guarantee of his intentions, Pey donated 90 percent of the Clarín property to the President Allende Foundation, a nonprofit human rights organization founded in Spain.
Peys partner in the effort to recover Clarín is a story in his own right. He is Joan Garcés, the Spanish lawyer who devised the legal strategy that resulted in the arrest of Pinochet in London in 1998. Garcés served as a political adviser to Allende until the coup, and is the president and co-founder of the President Allende Foundation.
After several years went by with no progress on Peys claim in Chile, he and Garcés tried another tack. In November 1997, Pey, a Spanish citizen, and the foundation filed their claim against the government of Chile in the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), an arbitration center at the World Bank in Washington, D.C.