Monroe said he was disheartened by his experience at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, where he said editors “now shamelessly say they don’t cover Atlanta unless there’s a compelling reason. They’ve moved to the suburbs. They make no pretense about covering the city.” As other opportunities dwindled, he said, black-oriented media “began to look better and better—and one of the reasons is because they needed help. Not just in terms of bodies, but know-how. I got to use what I know and help improve this magazine I grew up with.”

Joel Dreyfuss said the failure of the mainstream to embrace diverse viewpoints is helping to drive the reverse migration. From 1996 to 1997, he was editor in chief of a weekly black news start-up that, despite support from a business executive named Donald Miller and seed money from Dow Jones, never got off the ground. “I always felt we needed a chance to tell our stories without filters,” said Dreyfuss. “A lot of us are now seeing the possibilities of unfiltered content.”

But Dreyfuss and others point out that black-oriented media can pose their own set of challenges, including limited resources. Many of the journalists initially recruited from the mainstream by Johnson Publishing beginning in 2006 have since left. Some confided that they were asked to pay their own way on assignments, while others described the shock they felt at having to use outmoded equipment. Lowe said while her salary at Johnson Publishing was competitive with the mainstream, other resources were lacking. (Last August the company appointed Desiree Rogers, the former Obama White House social secretary, to be chief executive and announced a major reorganization.)

Dreyfuss said while editors at The Root receive full-time salaries, most of the writers are freelancers, so they do not have the benefits offered in mainstream journalism. And Jack White said that there are fewer opportunities to do original reporting. “I wish that something like The Root had had the money to cover the Obama campaign the way I covered the Jesse Jackson campaign,” he said. “The big weakness is they can’t pay for reporting. We’re recycling in a lot of cases. There’s something reductive.”

He and others stressed that this is among the many reasons why diversity in the mainstream still matters. Otherwise, “We go right back to where we started after the Kerner Commission,” White said, referring to the 1968 National Advisory Commission report.

Yet Coleman points out that while resources are more plentiful in mainstream media, they have little value if you can’t use them to pursue what you think is important. “What good does it do you to be in a newsroom with a lot of resources if you can’t do what you’re there to do?”

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Pamela Newkirk is a professor of journalism at New York University and the author of Within the Veil: Black Journalists, White Media.