Last week, we talked about some idioms that have been twisted by people who write them as they hear them, not as the phrase should read. Here are some more.

Some of these twisted phrases make some sense, because they use words that seem to fit in the phrase, until you really dig into them.

One of those is “wet your appetite.” It makes sense, because we also have the phrase “mouth-watering.” Both mean that something is stimulating your desire for food (or other reward), and we do salivate in anticipation of something. But the proper idiom (or cliché) is “whet your appetite.” A knife is sharpened with a “whetstone.”( Of course, some “whetstones” need to be “wet” to work properly, but nevermind.) You often “sharpen” your appetite with a small taste of something, an appetizer, or perhaps a cocktail. When you have that cocktail, though, just to make things even more confusing, you “wet your whistle.” Ever try to whistle with a dry mouth?

If you do have a dry mouth, you’d also have trouble with “spit and image,” something that’s a close copy of something else. That probably should be “spitting image,” though never “splitting image.”The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms traces the modern idiom to around 1900 and says it “alludes to the earlier use of the noun spit for ‘likeness,’ in turn probably derived from an old proverb, ‘as like as one as if he had been spit out of his own mouth.’” One linguistic professor wrote a paper on the topic, noting that many language columnists believe “spit and image” may have been the original phrase. (One of our favorite language resources,Garner’s Modern American Usage,” makes that argument.) But that professor believes the origin is in another fluid that is “spitten” from the body and creates an extreme likeness. Delicacy prevents our naming that fluid, but since the expression is often applied to sire and progeny…

As long as we’re in that territory, let’s nip another bad idiom in the butt. It’s the use of “nip it in the butt.” Buttocks have nothing to do with it, though biting someone there might indeed halt whatever was being objected to. The phrase is “nip it in the bud.” The idiom dictionary says the phrase arose in 1606 or so, and alludes to a spring frost killing young buds, thus preventing them from flowering. (We still think of chilly temperatures as being “nippy.”) Gardeners often nip things in the bud to encourage stronger growth elsewhere, as when they prune young suckers from trees to prevent them from diverting resources from major branches. But “nip in the butt” is so much more fun to think about.

Just two more, and we’re done.

When you’re asked to follow the rules, you’re told to “tow the line.” Barges are pulled along by tugboats using “tow lines,” so there is something familiar about “towing the line.” But the correct expression is “toe the line.” In the days before starting blocks, runners were told to put only their toes on the starting line; to have more than a toe would violate the rules and could lead to disqualification. Garner’s says the phrase appears to be an Americanism from the early 19th century, but others believe it goes both further and farther, arising from the British, either in the House of Commons, when swords were placed as lines beyond which arguing members could not step, or the British navy, when sailors had to stand with toes touching the edges of deck planks.

Being in the military, of course, is a “right of passage” for many. Which is really a “rite of passage.” A “right” is an entitlement, a “rite” a ceremonial or formal act. They both make perfect sense, until you think about your parents calling your first breakup a “right of passage.” That’s one “right” many of us would have gladly given up.

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Righting speech

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Righting speech

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Merrill Perlman managed copy desks across the newsroom at The New York Times, where she worked for 25 years. Follow her on Twitter at @meperl.