Perhaps it’s a good thing teenagers these days aren’t reading newspapers — it can be confusing enough as it is to be 17 or 18. And any Massachusetts-dwelling teen who happened to peruse two area newspapers this week can be forgiven for feeling twice as perplexed as usual.
On Monday, the Boston-based Christian Science Monitor reported the following: “According to labor analysts, the job market for young people this summer will be nearly as austere as over the past several years, despite an upswing in employment numbers in the overall labor market.” The story’s anecdotal lede introduced 19-year-old Jasmine who is having scant luck finding summer employment. The headline: “Summer Job Forecast: Cloudy.”
One day later, the forecast at the Quincy, Massachusetts-based Patriot Ledger was far brighter. “Summer jobs for teenagers and young adults are easier to find this year, due in part to an increase in the number of college students enrolled in summer courses and an overall stronger employment market, labor analysts say,” according to a story with an anecdotal lede featuring 18-year-old Mitch who landed his sales job in a matter of weeks. The headline: “Summer Job Market Heats Up.”
And, in support of their very different outlooks, both articles quoted the same expert talking about the same study on summer teen employment.
Monitor: “‘The last few summers saw some of the lowest teen employment rates in history,’ says Joseph McLaughlin, a research associate at the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University and one of the authors of an annual summer teen job-market report. They predict an employment rate of 37.4 percent for the summer of 2006 — marking only a slight improvement over last year’s 36.8 percent… ‘It wasn’t surprising that [teens] were hit so hard by [the recession of] 2001,’Mr. McLaughlin says. ‘What was surprising is that their recovery has been very slow.’”
Ledger: “A study by the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University in Boston also indicated an increase in summer jobs for seekers age 16 to 19. ‘We’ve had steady job creation nationally over the last two years and I think teens are beginning to benefit from a better labor market,’ said Joe McLaughlin, a co-author of the study.”
Funny how, with the right anecdotal lede and the right quote or two, two reporters can frame the same data so differently. Glass half-full! Glass half-empty!
So what gives? Is the summer job forecast for young people “cloudy” or “heat[ing] up?” The more accurate headline would probably have been something less emphatic and pithy, like: “Likely to Be Slightly Better Than Years Past, Which Weren’t Too Hot” — but of course, no newspaper would run a headline as unwieldy and un-eye-catching as that.
By press time, we weren’t able to get our hands on the Northeastern study to see how its headline was phrased (or get the study’s author to call us back, to find out whether, at bottom, he was an optimist or a pessimist, whether he’d been very selectively quoted by one or both reporters, tailored his comments to suit their respective optimistic/pessimistic theses, or what).
But, since both the Monitor and the Ledger were foretelling national teen employment prospects, we decided to take a look at the forecasts of other newspapers around the country.
Two weeks ago, the Dallas Morning News published a piece with a decidedly upbeat tone (again, quoting McLaughlin of Northeastern University). “Teens had to compete for jobs with older, more experienced workers when the employment market was weaker. Now with the nation’s unemployment rate unchanged at 4.7 percent last month, the U.S. economy appears to be healthier, said Joseph McLaughlin, a senior research associate at the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University in Boston.”
On May 28, the Nashua (New Hampshire) Telegraph (“Prospects Bright for Those Seeking Summer Employment”) reported that according to local teens “the summer job market is looking up this year” and that “their opinion is echoed by a recent Northeastern University study” (among other reports).
And on May 11, there was this headline from the Wall Street Journal: “Summer Jobs Are Easier to Find This Year.” Reported the Journal, “Summer job prospects for students … are looking brighter this year…Landing a summer job…became more difficult in recent years, as young people had to compete for jobs with older, more-experienced workers in a weaker employment market. Now, as the nation’s economy picks up steam and the unemployment rate hovers at its lowest level in nearly five years, many employers and online job sites report increased hiring this summer…Overall, [Andrew Sum, director of the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University] expects things to improve this summer, based on teen employment trends so far this year.”