VIRGINIA — Election Day has come and gone, leaving many vital story threads for Virginia’s political reporters to continue to pursue. Here are four to follow in the weeks and months ahead:

1. Purple Virginia

The changing demographics of the country’s electorate—and the growing numbers of minority, single women and youth voters that helped push the president to victory again last week—have been reported and commented upon at length in the national press. How are demographic changes playing out in Virginia, a historically red state that broke Obama’s way in 2008 and again this year, but that was dominated by Republicans in 2010 and in which Republicans last week maintained their 8 to 3 advantage in the Commonwealth’s Congressional delegation? These questions should remain on the radar of Virginia’s political press corps.

On Sunday, the Richmond Times-Dispatch weighed in with an interesting analysis of Virginia’s Chesterfield County which, the paper reported, “remains a Republican county, albeit of a lighter shade of red” thanks in part to demographic changes (Note: This and other Times-Dispatch links in this post are presently not working, which, the paper tells me, is temporary and due to an ongoing website makeover). Per the story:

Republican Mitt Romney on Tuesday won central Virginia’s most populous locality by 13,000 votes over President Barack Obama in the race for the White House, but he didn’t accumulate the margins of previous Republican presidential candidates.

Though no Democrat has won Chesterfield at the presidential level since President Harry S. Truman in 1948, it is no longer as Republican-leaning as it was in the last decade, when President George W. Bush twice won the county by more than 30,000 votes.

Many point to Chesterfield’s changing demographics as one of the main reasons for the swing toward the left, at least when it comes to national politics.

With a population of about 320,000, the county is 65 percent white, 22 percent African-American, more than 7 percent Hispanic and about 3 percent Asian, according to U.S. census data. But in 2000, the county was 76 percent white, 18 percent black, 3 percent Hispanic and just more than 2 percent Asian.

In Southwest Virginia, the Blue Ridge Caucus political blog at The Roanoke Times has been a consistent bright spot in election coverage, ably condensing compelling political insight—as exemplified by a November 9th post on “what we learned from election 2012.” The post touched on population shifts and voting patterns contributing to the state’s purple status (Democrats have been losing ground in Southwest Virginia, coal country, but continue to focus on Northern Virginia, where the population is growing much faster) and linked to a Wall Street Journal chart on demographic shifts for Democratic presidential candidates.

Changing demographics are indeed a factor in how Virginia votes, but, down-ballot, redistricting obviously also has a hand. Here’s the opening of a strong November 7th Times-Dispatch report on the topic:

When Virginia’s congressional redistricting plan passed the Republican-controlled General Assembly this year, opponents criticized it as an “incumbent protection plan.”

On Election Day, it worked to protection.

Virginia Republicans maintained their five-seat majority in the state’s U.S. House delegation with solid victories across the state in the eight congressional seats they currently occupy.

Democratic incumbents also maintained their three seats — beneficiaries, like their GOP counterparts, of recalibrated district boundaries designed to preserve the 8-3 GOP imbalance of power.

“The irony is we have a Virginia that is more competitive than it’s been in its history … and yet we have a congressional delegation that is five seats in Republicans’ favor,” said Quentin Kidd, professor of political science and director of the Wason Center for Public Policy at Christopher Newport University.

“It’s a glaring indication of how partisan redistricting can distort what a state really looks
like.”

Hopefully, there will be more reporting to come following up on that thought. (Congressional races were generally underreported on here as the presidential race and the expensive Tim Kaine-George Allen Senate race sucked up most of the ink and airtime. More on this below.)

2. Voting irregularities

Tharon Giddens logged more than two decades in newspapers in Georgia and South Carolina as a writer and editor. He is now living on an alpaca farm east of Richmond, Virginia.