DETROIT, MI — At the conclusion of a marathon overnight session, Wisconsin legislators early this morning added a provision to the state budget that would expel the Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism, a nonprofit investigative journalism institute, from its offices at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. The measure also prohibits university employees “from doing any work related to the Center for Investigative Journalism as part of their duties as a UW employee.”

With the budget now cleared by the Joint Finance Committee and poised for final approval soon, journalists and educators are scrambling to preserve what is widely regarded as a successful collaborative model that both trains emerging reporters and produces high-quality investigations.

The relevant budget language—available in full on the center’s website, WisconsinWatch.org—was part of a package of amendments that was approved by the Republican-led committee 12-4 on party lines. The full spending plan now heads to the Assembly; it must also be passed by the Senate and signed by Gov. Scott Walker, a Republican.

Founded in 2009, the WCIJ is a nonprofit, nonpartisan outlet whose recent projects include an exploration of frac sand mining, an investigation into hormone disrupters in water, a series on nursing home neglect, and a look at the impact of legislation on abortion access. The center—about which CJR has written enthusiastically—receives no direct university funding; its $400,000 budget is supported primarily by foundations.

But the partnership between the center and the university’s School of Journalism and Mass Communication is tight-knit. The center has access to two small offices at the school for use by its four-member professional staff and four UW reporting interns, plus a third room for summer interns. That internship program, which has involved nearly two dozen students to date, is robust: it offers paid opportunities to do public-service journalism, several interns have won awards for their WCIJ work, and many have gone on to professional journalism careers.

The center also hosts special events on campus, and its staff members reportedly teach and guest-lecture at university courses. Though no J-school faculty work at the center, professors say the proximity and collaborations give educators a window into an alternative model of media sustainability. Together, SJMC and WCIJ won The Associated Press’s first-ever Innovator of the Year for College Students award last fall.

Lucas Graves, an assistant professor at the school (and an occasional CJR contributor), said it was too early to say what effect the legislative language might have on the internship program.

“But I really can’t stress enough what a huge asset it’s been to have a working newsroom operating independently right in the middle of the department, and what a loss it would be to see them go,” Graves added. “They do the kind of investigative work that a lot of career journalists never get the chance to, and which has been so hard hit by the newspaper crisis. That makes them a really unique resource for training journalism students.”

Before last night, there was little sense that this peaceable partnership was in peril. Greg Downey, department chair of the journalism school, did not hear about the motion that targets the collaboration until about twelve hours before it passed, and many staff did not learn about it until this morning

“It took me by surprise,” Downey told me. “We did not know this targeted attack on the center was coming.” He said he does not know who added the legislative language, or why. “We’re still dealing with this in real time.”

Andy Hall, the center’s executive director, could not be immediately reached for comment. But he told Romenesko and the alt-weekly site City Pages, “we were blindsided.”

However, the move wasn’t wholly spontaneous: Charlie Hoslet, executive director of strategic partnerships at UW-Madison, said in a June 4 email obtained by CJR that his office had “received an inquiry last week from the legislature about the arrangement between the university and the Center for Investigative Journalism.” The email continued:

We explained that the Center was not part of the UW but that there is a Facilities Use Agreement in place that provides space for the Center in exchange for various services and educational resources for students provided by the Center. It seemed that the information provided satisfied whatever concerns there might have been.

However, we learned this afternoon that there has been some discussion about introducing an amendment in the Joint Finance Committee that would somehow impact the Center’s use of the space. We have not been provided a copy of the amendment and probably will not be given anything until right before it is introduced (assuming that actually happens). Don Nelson, our Director of State Relations, will continue to monitor and and (sic) try to influence this…

Anna Clark is CJR's correspondent for Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. A 2011 Fulbright fellow, Clark has written for The Guardian, Grantland, and Salon; blogs at Isak; and can be found on Twitter @annaleighclark. She lives in Detroit.